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Types of baldness

Baldness can be classified into several types depending on the causes. In order to determine the exact causes, the patient should be subjected to a psychological examination and a physical examination, preferably including a biopsy of the scalp.

Today baldness affects both men and women, so we can talk about 2 types of baldness:

  • Female pattern baldness:

It is less frequent than male baldness and it presents different characteristics. Still, statistics show that between 28 and 30% of women suffer from this condition. In this type of baldness, hair loss usually happens in the forehead, above both temples and/or at the crown. Female baldness hardly ever results in total hair loss. The main causes are: genetic predisposition, variation of the levels of the endocrine hormones (androgenic) and aging, although work, nerves, stress, and even a specific diet can cause female alopecia. Even though it is very similar to male alopecia, it looks rather different. In order to provide a correct classification we took the Ludwig scale to show us the progression of female baldness:

Calvicie femenina
  • Male pattern baldness:

Male baldness is the most common type of hair loss. It usually follows a typical pattern of receding hairline and a thinning of the hair at the crown, although in other cases the whole head goes bald. It is usually caused by genetic heredity and it starts in the forehead, above both temples or at the crown. The evolution of the loss varies with each person.

The Norwood scale helps us identify the degree of baldness or androgenetic alopecia -AGA-. This scale is most commonly used to classify male AGA: